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22:14

Aya

Thanks for the feedback, Mr. F.
The paper states that washback was observed more powerfully on the content of the instruction and less on the methodology that teachers adopt. I interpret it as teachers with more pedagogic options of methodology are less likely to be affected by washback. I'm aware that there lies sad truth that experienced teachers do not always offer better instructions than novices, though ;-) I learned from the paper that there have been mixed results in related studies, and that is why "washback" is an intriguing research topic.

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Washback Effect

My friend recently submitted her master's project which is kind of a literature review consisting of about 20 pages and got accepted by the main campus in New York. She'd been studying for five years to earn the Master's degree in TESOL and finally made it! I asked her to let me read her paper because the theme looks intriguing for me as an instructor teaching mainly TOFEL, TOEIC and the like.

The theme is "Washback", the impact of a test on classroom pedagogy, curriculum development, and educational policy according to Pierce (1992); however the term is defined by many scholors in many ways.There are both positive washback and negative washback. It seems that concerns regarding negative washback are being actively discussed, and interesting empirical studies have been reported.

The conclusion of the paper may be put "teachers with more pedagogical knowledge are less influenced by the test than teachers with limited teaching methods who are more vulnerable to negative washback." Yes, that's true. The test itself is neither good nor bad, which is beyond our control. It matters how we utilize it.

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12

30

22:14

Aya

Thanks for the feedback, Mr. F.
The paper states that washback was observed more powerfully on the content of the instruction and less on the methodology that teachers adopt. I interpret it as teachers with more pedagogic options of methodology are less likely to be affected by washback. I'm aware that there lies sad truth that experienced teachers do not always offer better instructions than novices, though ;-) I learned from the paper that there have been mixed results in related studies, and that is why "washback" is an intriguing research topic.

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01

01

23:42

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Aya

Author:Aya
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