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Quick Write 102711 “Part 5 from Part 7-3”

QW 1027 goes further on “Word-Class-Focused” learning. QW1026 demonstrated how to learn the “verbs” embedded in the Part 7 passage (the Official Book vol.4 Test 1 page 61, “Memo on summer store hours”). Today’s QW post focuses on the adjectives in the Official Book vol.4 Test 1 page 70, “the advertisement on Our Friends in the Sky”.

【13 Adjectives】 Gram = Grammar tips Vocab = Vocabulary tips
1) popular 2) definitive 3) casual 4) hard 5) special 6) intriguing 7) detailed 8) entertaining 9)acclaimed 10) substantial 11) avid 12) valuable 13) premier

2) definitive
Gram: The adjective “definitive” comes from the verb “define” which means to state or describe the nature, scope, or meaning of something (OED). If you’re not familiar with “definitive”, but you know the verb “define”, you’ll infer the meaning of “definitive” as the state of something that states, describes, or represents the nature or meaning of something else. In fact “definitive” in this context is, according to OED, “(of a book or other text) the most authoritative of the kind”.

3) casual
Vocab: The adjective “casual” here means “not so serious”. We can infer the meaning of the adjective by looking into the context. The phrase “… a superbly written book that even casual admirer of birds will find hard to put down.” can be paraphrased as “a book that even 'not very serious’ fans cannot stop reading because of its good quality”.

6) intriguing
Gram: The adjective “intriguing” comes from the verb “intrigue” which means to arouse the curiosity or interest of (OED).When something is intriguing, it strongly attracts your interest.
A Part 5 question could test your grammar knowledge like this:
The book gives special attention to 50 wild frogs that she Dr.Barnes considers to be _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
A) intrigued B) intrigue *C) intriguing D) intriguingly

9) acclaimed
Vocab: The adjective “acclaimed” comes from the verb “acclaim” which means to praise enthusiastically (OED). Synonyms are "celebrated, famous, acknowledged, praised, outstanding, distinguished, admired, renowned, noted, highly rated, eminent, revered, famed, highly esteemed, well-received”.

10) substantial
Vocab: The adjective "substantial” means to be of considerable importance, size, or worth. The example phrases that I’ve obtained from Oxford Sentence Dictionary (OSD) are "a substantial reduction in hospital admissions”, "substantial demands for time off”, "substantial finds to developing new engines”, "a substantial amount of cash”, and so on. You’ll find the phrase "substantial salary raise” in the Official Book vol. 4 Test 1 Part 3 68-70, for your information.

11) avid
Vocab: The adjective "avid" means to be having or showing a keen interest in or enthusiasm for something. According to Collins Thesaurus, synonyms are "enthusiastic, keen, devoted, intense, eager, passionate”. OSD contains phrases such as "an avid reader of science fiction”, "an avid partygoer”, “avid e-mail users”, "She looked at me with avid interest.”.

If you’d like to learn adjectives, you can go for the part 7 passages that talk about movies, products, recipes, menu, job description, and all kinds of reviews. They’ll contain lots of adjectives for descriptions or praises.

(50 minutes / 511 words)

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"Our Friends in the Sky"- the definitive guide to bird-watching
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