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The 9th Must Read Dokkai Review (読解特急4 ビジネス文書編)

Here's the 9th Dokkai review which is, as always, massive, dense and educative.
DOKKAI 4 p.166 & p.174

This review contains two helpful etymology tips on "portfolio" and "pillar and pillow". Etymology is "the study of the origin of words and the way in which their meanings have changed throughout history" (OED). Even something peripheral in the reviews can be nonetheless valuable knowledge for us.

This time, I tried guessing what the author is going to talk about sentences highlighted in bold after I read each of the sentences, but I was never able to hit the right spot. Besides the fact that I'm a terrible guesser, it's quite obvious that the author is very much skilled and creative in finding what to learn from whatever he'd be reading, listening, or watching in English. It certainly is a great asset for any English learner to be able to discover what can be or needs to be learned for their learning.

You'd always need to explore what to learn on your own because you're the only one who knows what you need to learn.
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The 8th Must Read Dokkai Review (読解特急4 ビジネス文書編)

It's another dense and thorough review:
DOKKAI 4 p.150 & p.158

Those reviews are great English-learning materials for any levels of English learners can gain something valuable. I'm always amazed as well as impressed by how skillfully the author discovers his or "our" learning points. As an unskilled English learner myself, I'd never locate those learnable things in the Dokkai passages while being able to understand almost every single word and to construe almost all of the sentences therein. I'm full aware that a good learner is someone who designs his or her own learning on their own. And I'm so sure that that's what the author always has been.

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GMAT Sentence Correction 9-12

I solved the Sentence Correction questions 9 to 12; 4 correct.
Reference: The Official Guide for GMAT® Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

The following is the question that I spent a little more time than other three deciding on the right answer although I got it correct eventually.

Do you think this sentence is grammatically correct?:
Native to South America, when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portuguese explores early in the sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa’s agriculture, probably because of being so similar to the Bambara groundnut, a popular indigenous plant.

It’s NOT.
The underlined part should be;
peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portuguese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa’s agriculture, probably because they were

“Native to South America,” is an adjectival phrase, and the sentence needs a subject and a verb. The connector “when” subordinates the clause “peanuts were introduced”, so it shouldn’t be there. The main clause in the correct construction represents parallelism, such as “were introduced” and “were adopted”.

Today I relearned the opening adjectival phrase, and the parallelism of the main two verbs.

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GMAT Sentence Correction 1-8

I’ve always wanted the Verbal Section of GMAT to be included in my English-learning portfolio, and today is the Day. I solved the Sentence Correction questions 1 to 8; 7 correct and 1 incorrect.

Reference: The Official Guide for GMAT® Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

3. However much United States voters may agree that there is waste in government and that the government as a whole spends beyond its means, it is difficult to find broad support for a movement towards a minimal state.

(A) However much United States voters may agree that
(B) Despite the agreement among United States voters to the fact
(C) Although United States voters agree
(D) Even though United States voters may agree
(E) There is agreement among United States voters that

Answer: (A)
After contemplation, I marked (D) although I wasn’t happy about my choice. I chose (D) instead of (C) because (C) doesn’t contain the modal “may” which appears in the part in question. The thing is, however, a remote “that-parallelism”. The sentence needs a parallelism of 1) that there is waste in… and 2) that the government as a whole…

Today I learned the remote “that-parallelism” in subordinate clauses.

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QW 111712 “Constant self-denial”

It’s been the longest break that I ever took from QWing. It’s just so funny, even phenomenal, that it was so easy to quit doing what you’ve been doing so seriously. At first, there was no other choice for me to make but to allocate my free time to proofreading the manuscript for my first book as a co-author to be published next month. Some time later, however, I no longer wanted to write anything either in English or Japanese. There was no energy or passion left to write anything. I haven’t had such a feeling or apathy even when pretty tied up with my graduate school course work or job-related work. QWing was rather a refreshing activity for me to let my words speak. What makes all the difference? Now I’m guessing. I think this proofreading thing makes me hate what I’d write. I think I’ve become sick of whatever I’d write. You know what I mean? It seems to me that proofreading entails constant self-denial. You’re denied not only by you by, but also other proofreaders who are always right in their claims. Although I’m totally aware that I can never be free from errors, mistakes, typos, misconception, preconception, you name it, more than one month of self-scrutinizing kept me away from QWing, I guess. Now? Well, in a week or so, I might be recharged with QWing energy and come back here to write something. Who knows?

(30 minutes / 240 words)

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Aya

Author:Aya
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