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GMAT Sentence Correction 25-30

I solved the Sentence Correction questions 25 to 30; 6 correct.
Reference: The Official Guide for GMAT® Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

25 and 26 seemed more puzzling than others to me. Try 25 first.

Like Auden, the language of James Merrill is chatty, arch, and conversational -- given to complex syntactic flights as well as to prosaic free-verse strolls.

Did you realize the violation of paralellism? The sentence tries to compare the languages used by the two authors, Auden and James Merrill. The use of the phrase like "Auden's" to begin the comparison is needed, creating a parallel construction of "Auden's (language) and Merrill's (language)". So the correct answer for 25 is "Like Auden's, James Merrill's language".

26 forced me to spend so much more time than the other five questions.

The Baldrick Manufacturing Company has for several years followed a policy aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving the efficiency of iyts distribution system.

I swayed and swayed between these two;
(A) aimed at decreasing operating costs and improving
(E) with the aim to decrease operating costs and to improve

Which looks better to you?

Finally I chose (A), which was in fact the correct answer. Nontheless (E) didn't seem so bad to me. I thought there might be an idiomatic phrase like "with the aim to do", but the book says there isn't: the correct idiom is "with the aim of ~ing". Then I wondered if it was really so because it sounded kind okay to me.

Then I googled some variations;
■ "with the aim of increasing" 3,750,000 hits
□ "with the aim to increase" 2,660,000 hits

■ "with the aim of developing" 5,460,000 hits
□ "with the aim to develop" 2,520,000 hits

As far as the above results go, "with the aim of ~ing" is more common than "with the aim to do", but it may go too far to say that "with the aim to do" is an incorrect idiom. Well, so be it.
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GMAT Sentence Correction 19-24

I solved the Sentence Correction questions 19 to 24 twice; 3 correct and 3 incorrect for the first time, and 5 correct and 1 incorrect for the second time.
Reference: The Official Guide for GMAT® Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

The question that troubled me most is 24:
In recent years cattle breeders have increasingly used crossbreeding, in part that their steers should acquire certain characteristics and partly because crossbreeding is said to provide hybrid vigor.

Which of these two do you think is correct?

(D) partly because certain characteristics should be acquired by their steers
(E) partly to acquire certain characteristics in their steers

steer (n): a male domestic bovine animal that has been castrated and is raised for beef


Answer is (E).

Corrected as of January 4th, 2013.
I was so bothered by the construction of (E) that seems to violate parallelism between "partly to do" and "partly because", but it was in fact allowable here. (D) is awkward and illogical due to the passive voice of "should be acquired by their steers". It seems vague as the reason why cattle breeders are using more and more crossbreeding. I'm wondering if (D) can be correct with the passive structure of "can be acquired", which talks about a possibility, not a duty or obligation. I could be wrong, though.

On the other hand, (E) is a clear and concise reason why cattle breeders rely on crossbreeding so much, making us assume that the subject for the verb "acquire" is cattle breeders themselves, and the phrase "to acquire certain characteristics" is obviously their purpose.

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GMAT Sentence Correction 13-18

I solved the Sentence Correction questions 13 to 18; 6 correct.
Reference: The Official Guide for GMAT® Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

These six questions are kind of straightforward. One of the findings I've had through trying 18 questions of GMAT Sentence Corrrecrion is that parallelism is quite valued in English sentence structures. Here we need to be reminded that the longer a main clause gets, the easier it gets for us to fail to see parallelism and its absence. The following question is a good example to test your ability to parse a sentence and to identify parallelism that is supposed to be contsructed;

17. Travelers to Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, contend with the chemically reactive Martian soil,and perhaps even having to ward off contamination by Martian life-forms.

Do you see through how the parallelism can be constructed in the sentence? It should be A (endure), B (avoid),C (contend with), and D (ward off) parallelism. So, the correct sentence should look like as follows;

Travelers to Mars would have to endure low levels of gravity for long periods of time, avoid large doses of radiation, contend with the chemically reactive Martian soil,and perhaps even ward off contamination by Martian life-forms.

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GMAT Sentence Correction 9-12

I solved the Sentence Correction questions 9 to 12; 4 correct.
Reference: The Official Guide for GMAT® Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

The following is the question that I spent a little more time than other three deciding on the right answer although I got it correct eventually.

Do you think this sentence is grammatically correct?:
Native to South America, when peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portuguese explores early in the sixteenth century they were quickly adopted into Africa’s agriculture, probably because of being so similar to the Bambara groundnut, a popular indigenous plant.

It’s NOT.
The underlined part should be;
peanuts were introduced to Africa by Portuguese explorers early in the sixteenth century and were quickly adopted into Africa’s agriculture, probably because they were

“Native to South America,” is an adjectival phrase, and the sentence needs a subject and a verb. The connector “when” subordinates the clause “peanuts were introduced”, so it shouldn’t be there. The main clause in the correct construction represents parallelism, such as “were introduced” and “were adopted”.

Today I relearned the opening adjectival phrase, and the parallelism of the main two verbs.

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GMAT Sentence Correction 1-8

I’ve always wanted the Verbal Section of GMAT to be included in my English-learning portfolio, and today is the Day. I solved the Sentence Correction questions 1 to 8; 7 correct and 1 incorrect.

Reference: The Official Guide for GMAT® Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

3. However much United States voters may agree that there is waste in government and that the government as a whole spends beyond its means, it is difficult to find broad support for a movement towards a minimal state.

(A) However much United States voters may agree that
(B) Despite the agreement among United States voters to the fact
(C) Although United States voters agree
(D) Even though United States voters may agree
(E) There is agreement among United States voters that

Answer: (A)
After contemplation, I marked (D) although I wasn’t happy about my choice. I chose (D) instead of (C) because (C) doesn’t contain the modal “may” which appears in the part in question. The thing is, however, a remote “that-parallelism”. The sentence needs a parallelism of 1) that there is waste in… and 2) that the government as a whole…

Today I learned the remote “that-parallelism” in subordinate clauses.

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Aya

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